writer.c 18.5 KB
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/*
  mairix - message index builder and finder for maildir folders.

 **********************************************************************
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 * Copyright (C) Richard P. Curnow  2002,2003,2004,2005,2006
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 *
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 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public License as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
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 *
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 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
 * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
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 * 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
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 *
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 **********************************************************************
 */

/* Write the database to disc. */

#include "mairix.h"
#include "reader.h"

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>

struct write_map_toktable {/*{{{*/
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  /* Table of character offsets to null-terminated token texts */
  int tok_offset;

  /* Table of character offsets to byte strings containing compressed
   * delta-encoding of file indices matching the token */
  int enc_offset;
};/*}}}*/
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struct write_map_toktable2 {/*{{{*/
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  /* Table of character offsets to null-terminated token texts */
  int tok_offset;

  /* Table of character offsets to byte strings containing compressed
   * delta-encoding of file indices matching the token */
  int enc0_offset;
  int enc1_offset;
};/*}}}*/
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struct write_map {/*{{{*/
/* Contain offset information for the various tables.
   UI stuff in 4 byte units rel to base addr.
   Char stuff in byte units rel to base addr. */

  /* Path information */
  int path_offset;
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  int mtime_offset; /* Message file mtimes (maildir/mh), mbox number (mbox) */
  int size_offset; /* Message sizes (maildir/mh), entry in respective mbox (mbox) */
  int date_offset; /* Message dates (all folder types) */
  int tid_offset;  /* Thread group index table (all folder types) */

  int mbox_paths_offset;
  int mbox_entries_offset;
  int mbox_mtime_offset;
  int mbox_size_offset;
  /* Character offset to checksum of first msg in the mbox.  Positions of
   * subsequent messages computed by indexing - no explicit table entries
   * anywhere. */
  int mbox_checksum_offset;
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  struct write_map_toktable to;
  struct write_map_toktable cc;
  struct write_map_toktable from;
  struct write_map_toktable subject;
  struct write_map_toktable body;
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  struct write_map_toktable attachment_name;
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  struct write_map_toktable2 msg_ids;
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  /* To get base address for character data */
  int beyond_last_ui_offset;
};
/*}}}*/

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static void create_rw_mapping(char *filename, size_t len, int *out_fd, char **out_data)/*{{{*/
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{
  int fd;
  char *data;
  struct stat sb;
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  fd = open(filename, O_RDWR | O_CREAT, 0600);
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  if (fd < 0) {
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    report_error("open", filename);
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    unlock_and_exit(2);
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  }

  if (fstat(fd, &sb) < 0) {
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    report_error("stat", filename);
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    unlock_and_exit(2);
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  }

  if (sb.st_size < len) {
    /* Extend */
    if (lseek(fd, len - 1, SEEK_SET) < 0) {
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      report_error("lseek", filename);
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      unlock_and_exit(2);
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    }
    if (write(fd, "\000", 1) < 0) {
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      report_error("write", filename);
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      unlock_and_exit(2);
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    }
  } else if (sb.st_size > len) {
    /* Truncate */
    if (ftruncate(fd, len) < 0) {
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      report_error("ftruncate", filename);
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      unlock_and_exit(2);
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    }
  } else {
    /* Exactly the right length already - nothing to do! */
  }

  data = mmap(0, len, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
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  if (data == MAP_FAILED) {
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    report_error("writer:mmap", filename);
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    unlock_and_exit(2);
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  }

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  *out_data = data;
  *out_fd = fd;
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}
/*}}}*/
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static int toktable_char_length(struct toktable *tab)/*{{{*/
{
  int result = 0;
  int i;
  for (i=0; i<tab->size; i++) {
    if (tab->tokens[i]) {
      result += (1 + strlen(tab->tokens[i]->text));
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      result += (1 + tab->tokens[i]->match0.n);
    }
  }
  return result;
}
/*}}}*/
static int toktable2_char_length(struct toktable2 *tab)/*{{{*/
{
  int result = 0;
  int i;
  for (i=0; i<tab->size; i++) {
    if (tab->tokens[i]) {
      result += (1 + strlen(tab->tokens[i]->text));
      result += (1 + tab->tokens[i]->match0.n);
      result += (1 + tab->tokens[i]->match1.n);
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    }
  }
  return result;
}
/*}}}*/
static int char_length(struct database *db)/*{{{*/
{
  /* Return total length of character data to be written. */
  int result;
  int i;

  result = 0;

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  /* For type table. */
  result += db->n_msgs;
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  for (i=0; i<db->n_msgs; i++) {
    switch (db->type[i]) {
      case MTY_DEAD:
        break;
      case MTY_MBOX:
        break;
      case MTY_FILE:
        assert(db->msgs[i].src.mpf.path);
        result += (1 + strlen(db->msgs[i].src.mpf.path));
        break;
    }
  }

  for (i=0; i<db->n_mboxen; i++) {
    struct mbox *mb = &db->mboxen[i];
    result += mb->n_msgs * sizeof(checksum_t);
    if (mb->path) {
      result += (1 + strlen(mb->path));
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    }
  }

  result += toktable_char_length(db->to);
  result += toktable_char_length(db->cc);
  result += toktable_char_length(db->from);
  result += toktable_char_length(db->subject);
  result += toktable_char_length(db->body);
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  result += toktable_char_length(db->attachment_name);
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  result += toktable2_char_length(db->msg_ids);
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  return result;
}
/*}}}*/

static void compute_mapping(struct database *db, struct write_map *map)/*{{{*/
{
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  int total = UI_HEADER_LEN;

  map->path_offset  = total, total += db->n_msgs;
  map->mtime_offset = total, total += db->n_msgs;
  map->date_offset  = total, total += db->n_msgs;
  map->size_offset  = total, total += db->n_msgs;
  map->tid_offset   = total, total += db->n_msgs;

  map->mbox_paths_offset = total, total += db->n_mboxen;
  map->mbox_entries_offset = total, total += db->n_mboxen;
  map->mbox_mtime_offset = total, total += db->n_mboxen;
  map->mbox_size_offset  = total, total += db->n_mboxen;
  map->mbox_checksum_offset = total, total += db->n_mboxen;

  map->to.tok_offset = total, total += db->to->n;
  map->to.enc_offset = total, total += db->to->n;

  map->cc.tok_offset = total, total += db->cc->n;
  map->cc.enc_offset = total, total += db->cc->n;

  map->from.tok_offset = total, total += db->from->n;
  map->from.enc_offset = total, total += db->from->n;

  map->subject.tok_offset = total, total += db->subject->n;
  map->subject.enc_offset = total, total += db->subject->n;

  map->body.tok_offset = total, total += db->body->n;
  map->body.enc_offset = total, total += db->body->n;
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  map->attachment_name.tok_offset = total, total += db->attachment_name->n;
  map->attachment_name.enc_offset = total, total += db->attachment_name->n;

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  map->msg_ids.tok_offset = total, total += db->msg_ids->n;
  map->msg_ids.enc0_offset = total, total += db->msg_ids->n;
  map->msg_ids.enc1_offset = total, total += db->msg_ids->n;
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  map->beyond_last_ui_offset = total;
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}
/*}}}*/
static void write_header(char *data, unsigned int *uidata, struct database *db, struct write_map *map)/*{{{*/
{
  /* Endianness-independent writes - at least the magic number will be
   * recognized if the database is read by this program on a machine of
   * opposite endianness. */
  unsigned char *ucdata = (unsigned char *) data;

  ucdata[0] = HEADER_MAGIC0;
  ucdata[1] = HEADER_MAGIC1;
  ucdata[2] = HEADER_MAGIC2;
  ucdata[3] = HEADER_MAGIC3;

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  uidata[UI_ENDIAN] = 0x44332211; /* For checking reversed endianness on read */
  uidata[UI_N_MSGS] = db->n_msgs;
  uidata[UI_MSG_CDATA] = map->path_offset; /* offset table of ptrs to filenames */
  uidata[UI_MSG_MTIME] = map->mtime_offset; /* offset of mtime table */
  uidata[UI_MSG_DATE] = map->date_offset; /* offset of table of message Date: header lines as time_t */
  uidata[UI_MSG_SIZE] = map->size_offset; /* offset of table of message sizes in bytes */
  uidata[UI_MSG_TID] = map->tid_offset; /* offset of table of thread group numbers */

  uidata[UI_MBOX_N] = db->n_mboxen;
  uidata[UI_MBOX_PATHS] = map->mbox_paths_offset;
  uidata[UI_MBOX_ENTRIES] = map->mbox_entries_offset;
  uidata[UI_MBOX_MTIME] = map->mbox_mtime_offset;
  uidata[UI_MBOX_SIZE]  = map->mbox_size_offset;
  uidata[UI_MBOX_CKSUM] = map->mbox_checksum_offset;

  uidata[UI_HASH_KEY] = db->hash_key;

  uidata[UI_TO_N] = db->to->n;
  uidata[UI_TO_TOK] = map->to.tok_offset;
  uidata[UI_TO_ENC] = map->to.enc_offset;
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  uidata[UI_CC_N] = db->cc->n;
  uidata[UI_CC_TOK] = map->cc.tok_offset;
  uidata[UI_CC_ENC] = map->cc.enc_offset;
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  uidata[UI_FROM_N] = db->from->n;
  uidata[UI_FROM_TOK] = map->from.tok_offset;
  uidata[UI_FROM_ENC] = map->from.enc_offset;
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  uidata[UI_SUBJECT_N] = db->subject->n;
  uidata[UI_SUBJECT_TOK] = map->subject.tok_offset;
  uidata[UI_SUBJECT_ENC] = map->subject.enc_offset;
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  uidata[UI_BODY_N] = db->body->n;
  uidata[UI_BODY_TOK] = map->body.tok_offset;
  uidata[UI_BODY_ENC] = map->body.enc_offset;
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  uidata[UI_ATTACHMENT_NAME_N] = db->attachment_name->n;
  uidata[UI_ATTACHMENT_NAME_TOK] = map->attachment_name.tok_offset;
  uidata[UI_ATTACHMENT_NAME_ENC] = map->attachment_name.enc_offset;

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  uidata[UI_MSGID_N]    = db->msg_ids->n;
  uidata[UI_MSGID_TOK]  = map->msg_ids.tok_offset;
  uidata[UI_MSGID_ENC0] = map->msg_ids.enc0_offset;
  uidata[UI_MSGID_ENC1] = map->msg_ids.enc1_offset;
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  return;
}
/*}}}*/
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static char *write_type_and_flag_table(struct database *db, unsigned int *uidata, char *data, char *cdata)/*{{{*/
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{
  int i;
  for (i=0; i<db->n_msgs; i++) {
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    struct msgpath *msgdata = db->msgs + i;
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    switch (db->type[i]) {
      case MTY_FILE:
        cdata[i] = DB_MSG_FILE;
        break;
      case MTY_MBOX:
        cdata[i] = DB_MSG_MBOX;
        break;
      case MTY_DEAD:
        cdata[i] = DB_MSG_DEAD;
        break;
    }
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    if (msgdata->seen)    cdata[i] |= FLAG_SEEN;
    if (msgdata->replied) cdata[i] |= FLAG_REPLIED;
    if (msgdata->flagged) cdata[i] |= FLAG_FLAGGED;
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  }
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  uidata[UI_MSG_TYPE_AND_FLAGS] = cdata - data;
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  return cdata + db->n_msgs;
}
/*}}}*/
static char *write_messages(struct database *db, struct write_map *map, unsigned int *uidata, char *data, char *cdata)/*{{{*/
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{
  int i;
  char *start_cdata = cdata;

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  for (i=0; i<db->n_msgs; i++) {
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    int slen;
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    switch (db->type[i]) {
      case MTY_FILE:
        slen = strlen(db->msgs[i].src.mpf.path);
        uidata[map->path_offset + i] = cdata - data;
        uidata[map->mtime_offset + i] = db->msgs[i].src.mpf.mtime;
        uidata[map->size_offset + i] = db->msgs[i].src.mpf.size;
        uidata[map->date_offset + i] = db->msgs[i].date;
        uidata[map->tid_offset + i]  = db->msgs[i].tid;
        memcpy(cdata, db->msgs[i].src.mpf.path, 1 + slen); /* include trailing null */
        cdata += (1 + slen);
        break;
      case MTY_MBOX:
        {
          int mbno = db->msgs[i].src.mbox.file_index;
          int msgno = db->msgs[i].src.mbox.msg_index;
          struct mbox *mb = &db->mboxen[mbno];
          uidata[map->path_offset + i] = encode_mbox_indices(mbno, msgno);
          uidata[map->mtime_offset + i] = mb->start[msgno];
          uidata[map->size_offset + i] = mb->len[msgno];
          uidata[map->date_offset + i] = db->msgs[i].date;
          uidata[map->tid_offset + i]  = db->msgs[i].tid;
        }
        break;
      case MTY_DEAD:
        uidata[map->path_offset + i] = 0; /* Can't ever happen for real */
        uidata[map->mtime_offset + i] = 0; /* For cleanliness */
        uidata[map->size_offset + i] = 0;  /* For cleanliness */
        /* The following line is necessary, otherwise 'random' tid
         * information is written to the database, which can crash the search
         * functions. */
        uidata[map->tid_offset + i]  = db->msgs[i].tid;
        break;
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    }
  }
  if (verbose) {
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    printf("Wrote %d messages (%d bytes of tables, %d bytes of text)\n",
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           db->n_msgs, 4*5*db->n_msgs, (int)(cdata - start_cdata));
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  }
  return cdata; /* new value */
}
/*}}}*/
#if 0
static int compare_tokens(const void *a, const void *b)/*{{{*/
{
  const struct token **aa = (const struct token **) a;
  const struct token **bb = (const struct token **) b;
  return strcmp((*aa)->text, (*bb)->text);
}
/*}}}*/
#endif
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static  char *write_mbox_headers(struct database *db, struct write_map *map, unsigned int *uidata, char *data, char *cdata)/*{{{*/
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{
  int i, len;
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  char *start_cdata = cdata;
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  for (i=0; i<db->n_mboxen; i++) {
    struct mbox *mb = &db->mboxen[i];
    uidata[map->mbox_entries_offset + i] = mb->n_msgs;
    uidata[map->mbox_mtime_offset + i] = mb->current_mtime;
    uidata[map->mbox_size_offset  + i] = mb->current_size;
    if (mb->path) {
      uidata[map->mbox_paths_offset + i] = cdata - data;
      len = strlen(mb->path);
      memcpy(cdata, mb->path, 1+len);
      cdata += 1+len;
    } else {
      uidata[map->mbox_paths_offset + i] = 0;
    }
  }
  if (verbose) {
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    printf("Wrote %d mbox headers (%d bytes of tables, %d bytes of paths)\n",
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        db->n_mboxen, 4*4*db->n_mboxen, (int)(cdata - start_cdata));
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  }
  return cdata;
}
/*}}}*/
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static char * write_mbox_checksums(struct database *db, struct write_map *map, unsigned int *uidata, char *data, char *cdata)/*{{{*/
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{
  int i, j;
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  char *start_cdata = cdata;
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  for (i=0; i<db->n_mboxen; i++) {
    struct mbox *mb = &db->mboxen[i];
    uidata[map->mbox_checksum_offset + i] = cdata - data;
    for (j=0; j<mb->n_msgs; j++) {
      memcpy(cdata, mb->check_all[j], sizeof(checksum_t));
      cdata += sizeof(checksum_t);
    }
  }
  if (verbose) {
    printf("Wrote %d bytes of mbox message checksums\n",
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           (int)(cdata - start_cdata));
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  }
  return cdata;
}
/*}}}*/

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static char *write_toktable(struct toktable *tab, struct write_map_toktable *map, unsigned int *uidata, char *data, char *cdata, char *header_name)/*{{{*/
{
  int i, j, n, max;
  char *start_cdata, *mid_cdata;
  struct token **stok;
  stok = new_array(struct token *, tab->n);
  max = tab->size;
  n = tab->n;
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  for (i=0, j=0; i<max; i++) {
    struct token *tok = tab->tokens[i];
    if (tok) {
      stok[j++] = tok;
    }
  }

  assert(j == n);

#if 0
  /* The search functions don't rely on the tokens being sorted.  So not
   * sorting here will save time. */
  qsort(stok, n, sizeof(struct token *), compare_tokens);
#endif

  start_cdata = cdata;

  /* FIXME : Eventually, the tokens have to be sorted - need to feed them from
   * a different data structure (array with no holes) */
  for (i=0; i<n; i++) {
    int slen;
    uidata[map->tok_offset + i] = cdata - data;
    slen = strlen(stok[i]->text);
    memcpy(cdata, stok[i]->text, 1 + slen);
    cdata += (1 + slen);
  }

  mid_cdata = cdata;

  for (i=0; i<n; i++) {
    int dlen;
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    dlen = stok[i]->match0.n;
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    uidata[map->enc_offset + i] = cdata - data;
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    memcpy(cdata, stok[i]->match0.msginfo, dlen);
    cdata += dlen;
    *cdata++ = 0xff; /* termination character */
  }

  if (verbose) {
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    printf("%s: Wrote %d tokens (%d bytes of tables, %d bytes of text, %d bytes of hit encoding)\n",
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            header_name, n, 2*4*n, (int)(mid_cdata - start_cdata), (int)(cdata - mid_cdata));
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  }

  free(stok);
  return cdata;
}
/*}}}*/
static char *write_toktable2(struct toktable2 *tab, struct write_map_toktable2 *map, unsigned int *uidata, char *data, char *cdata, char *header_name)/*{{{*/
{
  int i, j, n, max;
  char *start_cdata, *mid_cdata;
  struct token2 **stok;
  stok = new_array(struct token2 *, tab->n);
  max = tab->size;
  n = tab->n;
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  for (i=0, j=0; i<max; i++) {
    struct token2 *tok = tab->tokens[i];
    if (tok) {
      stok[j++] = tok;
    }
  }

  assert(j == n);

#if 0
  /* The search functions don't rely on the tokens being sorted.  So not
   * sorting here will save time. */
  qsort(stok, n, sizeof(struct token *), compare_tokens);
#endif

  start_cdata = cdata;

  /* FIXME : Eventually, the tokens have to be sorted - need to feed them from
   * a different data structure (array with no holes) */
  for (i=0; i<n; i++) {
    int slen;
    uidata[map->tok_offset + i] = cdata - data;
    slen = strlen(stok[i]->text);
    memcpy(cdata, stok[i]->text, 1 + slen);
    cdata += (1 + slen);
  }

  mid_cdata = cdata;

  for (i=0; i<n; i++) {
    int dlen;
    dlen = stok[i]->match0.n;
    uidata[map->enc0_offset + i] = cdata - data;
    memcpy(cdata, stok[i]->match0.msginfo, dlen);
    cdata += dlen;
    *cdata++ = 0xff; /* termination character */
  }

  for (i=0; i<n; i++) {
    int dlen;
    dlen = stok[i]->match1.n;
    uidata[map->enc1_offset + i] = cdata - data;
    memcpy(cdata, stok[i]->match1.msginfo, dlen);
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    cdata += dlen;
    *cdata++ = 0xff; /* termination character */
  }

  if (verbose) {
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    printf("%s: Wrote %d tokens (%d bytes of tables, %d bytes of text, %d bytes of hit encoding)\n",
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            header_name, n, 2*4*n, (int)(mid_cdata - start_cdata), (int)(cdata - mid_cdata));
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  }

  free(stok);
  return cdata;
}
/*}}}*/
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void write_database(struct database *db, char *filename, int do_integrity_checks)/*{{{*/
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{
  int file_len;
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  int fd;
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  char *data, *cdata;
  unsigned int *uidata;
  struct write_map map;

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  if (do_integrity_checks) {
    check_database_integrity(db);
  }
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  if (!verify_mbox_size_constraints(db)) {
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    unlock_and_exit(1);
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  }
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  /* Work out mappings */
  compute_mapping(db, &map);
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  file_len = char_length(db) + (4 * map.beyond_last_ui_offset);
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  create_rw_mapping(filename, file_len, &fd, &data);
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  uidata = (unsigned int *) data; /* align(int) < align(page)! */
  cdata = data + (4 * map.beyond_last_ui_offset);

  write_header(data, uidata, db, &map);
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  cdata = write_type_and_flag_table(db, uidata, data, cdata);
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  cdata = write_messages(db, &map, uidata, data, cdata);
  cdata = write_mbox_headers(db, &map, uidata, data, cdata);
  cdata = write_mbox_checksums(db, &map, uidata, data, cdata);
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  cdata = write_toktable(db->to, &map.to, uidata, data, cdata, "To");
  cdata = write_toktable(db->cc, &map.cc, uidata, data, cdata, "Cc");
  cdata = write_toktable(db->from, &map.from, uidata, data, cdata, "From");
  cdata = write_toktable(db->subject, &map.subject, uidata, data, cdata, "Subject");
  cdata = write_toktable(db->body, &map.body, uidata, data, cdata, "Body");
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  cdata = write_toktable(db->attachment_name, &map.attachment_name, uidata, data, cdata, "Attachment Name");
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  cdata = write_toktable2(db->msg_ids, &map.msg_ids, uidata, data, cdata, "(Threading)");
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  /* Write data */
  /* Unmap / close file */
  if (munmap(data, file_len) < 0) {
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    report_error("munmap", filename);
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    unlock_and_exit(2);
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  }
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  if (fsync(fd) < 0) {
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    report_error("fsync", filename);
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    unlock_and_exit(2);
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  }
  if (close(fd) < 0) {
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    report_error("close", filename);
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    unlock_and_exit(2);
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  }
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}
  /*}}}*/