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" Vim syntax file
" Language:     Rust
" Maintainer:   Patrick Walton <pcwalton@mozilla.com>
" Maintainer:   Ben Blum <bblum@cs.cmu.edu>
" Maintainer:   Chris Morgan <me@chrismorgan.info>
" Last Change:  Feb 24, 2016
" For bugs, patches and license go to https://github.com/rust-lang/rust.vim

if version < 600
	syntax clear
elseif exists("b:current_syntax")
	finish
endif

" Syntax definitions {{{1
" Basic keywords {{{2
syn keyword   rustConditional match if else
syn keyword   rustRepeat for loop while
syn keyword   rustTypedef type nextgroup=rustIdentifier skipwhite skipempty
syn keyword   rustStructure struct enum nextgroup=rustIdentifier skipwhite skipempty
syn keyword   rustUnion union nextgroup=rustIdentifier skipwhite skipempty contained
syn match rustUnionContextual /\<union\_s\+\%([^[:cntrl:][:space:][:punct:][:digit:]]\|_\)\%([^[:cntrl:][:punct:][:space:]]\|_\)*/ transparent contains=rustUnion
syn keyword   rustOperator    as

syn match     rustAssert      "\<assert\(\w\)*!" contained
syn match     rustPanic       "\<panic\(\w\)*!" contained
syn keyword   rustKeyword     break
syn keyword   rustKeyword     box nextgroup=rustBoxPlacement skipwhite skipempty
syn keyword   rustKeyword     continue
syn keyword   rustKeyword     extern nextgroup=rustExternCrate,rustObsoleteExternMod skipwhite skipempty
syn keyword   rustKeyword     fn nextgroup=rustFuncName skipwhite skipempty
syn keyword   rustKeyword     in impl let
syn keyword   rustKeyword     pub nextgroup=rustPubScope skipwhite skipempty
syn keyword   rustKeyword     return
syn keyword   rustSuper       super
syn keyword   rustKeyword     unsafe where
syn keyword   rustKeyword     use nextgroup=rustModPath skipwhite skipempty
" FIXME: Scoped impl's name is also fallen in this category
syn keyword   rustKeyword     mod trait nextgroup=rustIdentifier skipwhite skipempty
syn keyword   rustStorage     move mut ref static const
syn match rustDefault /\<default\ze\_s\+\(impl\|fn\|type\|const\)\>/

syn keyword   rustInvalidBareKeyword crate

syn keyword rustPubScopeCrate crate contained
syn match rustPubScopeDelim /[()]/ contained
syn match rustPubScope /([^()]*)/ contained contains=rustPubScopeDelim,rustPubScopeCrate,rustSuper,rustModPath,rustModPathSep,rustSelf transparent

syn keyword   rustExternCrate crate contained nextgroup=rustIdentifier,rustExternCrateString skipwhite skipempty
" This is to get the `bar` part of `extern crate "foo" as bar;` highlighting.
syn match   rustExternCrateString /".*"\_s*as/ contained nextgroup=rustIdentifier skipwhite transparent skipempty contains=rustString,rustOperator
syn keyword   rustObsoleteExternMod mod contained nextgroup=rustIdentifier skipwhite skipempty

syn match     rustIdentifier  contains=rustIdentifierPrime "\%([^[:cntrl:][:space:][:punct:][:digit:]]\|_\)\%([^[:cntrl:][:punct:][:space:]]\|_\)*" display contained
syn match     rustFuncName    "\%([^[:cntrl:][:space:][:punct:][:digit:]]\|_\)\%([^[:cntrl:][:punct:][:space:]]\|_\)*" display contained

syn region    rustBoxPlacement matchgroup=rustBoxPlacementParens start="(" end=")" contains=TOP contained
" Ideally we'd have syntax rules set up to match arbitrary expressions. Since
" we don't, we'll just define temporary contained rules to handle balancing
" delimiters.
syn region    rustBoxPlacementBalance start="(" end=")" containedin=rustBoxPlacement transparent
syn region    rustBoxPlacementBalance start="\[" end="\]" containedin=rustBoxPlacement transparent
" {} are handled by rustFoldBraces

syn region rustMacroRepeat matchgroup=rustMacroRepeatDelimiters start="$(" end=")" contains=TOP nextgroup=rustMacroRepeatCount
syn match rustMacroRepeatCount ".\?[*+]" contained
syn match rustMacroVariable "$\w\+"

" Reserved (but not yet used) keywords {{{2
syn keyword   rustReservedKeyword alignof become do offsetof priv pure sizeof typeof unsized yield abstract virtual final override macro

" Built-in types {{{2
syn keyword   rustType        isize usize char bool u8 u16 u32 u64 u128 f32
syn keyword   rustType        f64 i8 i16 i32 i64 i128 str Self

" Things from the libstd v1 prelude (src/libstd/prelude/v1.rs) {{{2
" This section is just straight transformation of the contents of the prelude,
" to make it easy to update.

" Reexported core operators {{{3
syn keyword   rustTrait       Copy Send Sized Sync
syn keyword   rustTrait       Drop Fn FnMut FnOnce

" Reexported functions {{{3
" There’s no point in highlighting these; when one writes drop( or drop::< it
" gets the same highlighting anyway, and if someone writes `let drop = …;` we
" don’t really want *that* drop to be highlighted.
"syn keyword rustFunction drop

" Reexported types and traits {{{3
syn keyword rustTrait Box
syn keyword rustTrait ToOwned
syn keyword rustTrait Clone
syn keyword rustTrait PartialEq PartialOrd Eq Ord
syn keyword rustTrait AsRef AsMut Into From
syn keyword rustTrait Default
syn keyword rustTrait Iterator Extend IntoIterator
syn keyword rustTrait DoubleEndedIterator ExactSizeIterator
syn keyword rustEnum Option
syn keyword rustEnumVariant Some None
syn keyword rustEnum Result
syn keyword rustEnumVariant Ok Err
syn keyword rustTrait SliceConcatExt
syn keyword rustTrait String ToString
syn keyword rustTrait Vec

" Other syntax {{{2
syn keyword   rustSelf        self
syn keyword   rustBoolean     true false

" If foo::bar changes to foo.bar, change this ("::" to "\.").
" If foo::bar changes to Foo::bar, change this (first "\w" to "\u").
syn match     rustModPath     "\w\(\w\)*::[^<]"he=e-3,me=e-3
syn match     rustModPathSep  "::"

syn match     rustFuncCall    "\w\(\w\)*("he=e-1,me=e-1
syn match     rustFuncCall    "\w\(\w\)*::<"he=e-3,me=e-3 " foo::<T>();

" This is merely a convention; note also the use of [A-Z], restricting it to
" latin identifiers rather than the full Unicode uppercase. I have not used
" [:upper:] as it depends upon 'noignorecase'
"syn match     rustCapsIdent    display "[A-Z]\w\(\w\)*"

syn match     rustOperator     display "\%(+\|-\|/\|*\|=\|\^\|&\||\|!\|>\|<\|%\)=\?"
" This one isn't *quite* right, as we could have binary-& with a reference
syn match     rustSigil        display /&\s\+[&~@*][^)= \t\r\n]/he=e-1,me=e-1
syn match     rustSigil        display /[&~@*][^)= \t\r\n]/he=e-1,me=e-1
" This isn't actually correct; a closure with no arguments can be `|| { }`.
" Last, because the & in && isn't a sigil
syn match     rustOperator     display "&&\|||"
" This is rustArrowCharacter rather than rustArrow for the sake of matchparen,
" so it skips the ->; see http://stackoverflow.com/a/30309949 for details.
syn match     rustArrowCharacter display "->"
syn match     rustQuestionMark display "?\([a-zA-Z]\+\)\@!"

syn match     rustMacro       '\w\(\w\)*!' contains=rustAssert,rustPanic
syn match     rustMacro       '#\w\(\w\)*' contains=rustAssert,rustPanic

syn match     rustEscapeError   display contained /\\./
syn match     rustEscape        display contained /\\\([nrt0\\'"]\|x\x\{2}\)/
syn match     rustEscapeUnicode display contained /\\u{\x\{1,6}}/
syn match     rustStringContinuation display contained /\\\n\s*/
syn region    rustString      start=+b"+ skip=+\\\\\|\\"+ end=+"+ contains=rustEscape,rustEscapeError,rustStringContinuation
syn region    rustString      start=+"+ skip=+\\\\\|\\"+ end=+"+ contains=rustEscape,rustEscapeUnicode,rustEscapeError,rustStringContinuation,@Spell
syn region    rustString      start='b\?r\z(#*\)"' end='"\z1' contains=@Spell

syn region    rustAttribute   start="#!\?\[" end="\]" contains=rustString,rustDerive,rustCommentLine,rustCommentBlock,rustCommentLineDocError,rustCommentBlockDocError
syn region    rustDerive      start="derive(" end=")" contained contains=rustDeriveTrait
" This list comes from src/libsyntax/ext/deriving/mod.rs
" Some are deprecated (Encodable, Decodable) or to be removed after a new snapshot (Show).
syn keyword   rustDeriveTrait contained Clone Hash RustcEncodable RustcDecodable Encodable Decodable PartialEq Eq PartialOrd Ord Rand Show Debug Default FromPrimitive Send Sync Copy

" Number literals
syn match     rustDecNumber   display "\<[0-9][0-9_]*\%([iu]\%(size\|8\|16\|32\|64\|128\)\)\="
syn match     rustHexNumber   display "\<0x[a-fA-F0-9_]\+\%([iu]\%(size\|8\|16\|32\|64\|128\)\)\="
syn match     rustOctNumber   display "\<0o[0-7_]\+\%([iu]\%(size\|8\|16\|32\|64\|128\)\)\="
syn match     rustBinNumber   display "\<0b[01_]\+\%([iu]\%(size\|8\|16\|32\|64\|128\)\)\="

" Special case for numbers of the form "1." which are float literals, unless followed by
" an identifier, which makes them integer literals with a method call or field access,
" or by another ".", which makes them integer literals followed by the ".." token.
" (This must go first so the others take precedence.)
syn match     rustFloat       display "\<[0-9][0-9_]*\.\%([^[:cntrl:][:space:][:punct:][:digit:]]\|_\|\.\)\@!"
" To mark a number as a normal float, it must have at least one of the three things integral values don't have:
" a decimal point and more numbers; an exponent; and a type suffix.
syn match     rustFloat       display "\<[0-9][0-9_]*\%(\.[0-9][0-9_]*\)\%([eE][+-]\=[0-9_]\+\)\=\(f32\|f64\)\="
syn match     rustFloat       display "\<[0-9][0-9_]*\%(\.[0-9][0-9_]*\)\=\%([eE][+-]\=[0-9_]\+\)\(f32\|f64\)\="
syn match     rustFloat       display "\<[0-9][0-9_]*\%(\.[0-9][0-9_]*\)\=\%([eE][+-]\=[0-9_]\+\)\=\(f32\|f64\)"

" For the benefit of delimitMate
syn region rustLifetimeCandidate display start=/&'\%(\([^'\\]\|\\\(['nrt0\\\"]\|x\x\{2}\|u{\x\{1,6}}\)\)'\)\@!/ end=/[[:cntrl:][:space:][:punct:]]\@=\|$/ contains=rustSigil,rustLifetime
syn region rustGenericRegion display start=/<\%('\|[^[cntrl:][:space:][:punct:]]\)\@=')\S\@=/ end=/>/ contains=rustGenericLifetimeCandidate
syn region rustGenericLifetimeCandidate display start=/\%(<\|,\s*\)\@<='/ end=/[[:cntrl:][:space:][:punct:]]\@=\|$/ contains=rustSigil,rustLifetime

"rustLifetime must appear before rustCharacter, or chars will get the lifetime highlighting
syn match     rustLifetime    display "\'\%([^[:cntrl:][:space:][:punct:][:digit:]]\|_\)\%([^[:cntrl:][:punct:][:space:]]\|_\)*"
syn match     rustLabel       display "\'\%([^[:cntrl:][:space:][:punct:][:digit:]]\|_\)\%([^[:cntrl:][:punct:][:space:]]\|_\)*:"
syn match   rustCharacterInvalid   display contained /b\?'\zs[\n\r\t']\ze'/
" The groups negated here add up to 0-255 but nothing else (they do not seem to go beyond ASCII).
syn match   rustCharacterInvalidUnicode   display contained /b'\zs[^[:cntrl:][:graph:][:alnum:][:space:]]\ze'/
syn match   rustCharacter   /b'\([^\\]\|\\\(.\|x\x\{2}\)\)'/ contains=rustEscape,rustEscapeError,rustCharacterInvalid,rustCharacterInvalidUnicode
syn match   rustCharacter   /'\([^\\]\|\\\(.\|x\x\{2}\|u{\x\{1,6}}\)\)'/ contains=rustEscape,rustEscapeUnicode,rustEscapeError,rustCharacterInvalid

syn match rustShebang /\%^#![^[].*/
syn region rustCommentLine                                                  start="//"                      end="$"   contains=rustTodo,@Spell
syn region rustCommentLineDoc                                               start="//\%(//\@!\|!\)"         end="$"   contains=rustTodo,@Spell
syn region rustCommentLineDocError                                          start="//\%(//\@!\|!\)"         end="$"   contains=rustTodo,@Spell contained
syn region rustCommentBlock             matchgroup=rustCommentBlock         start="/\*\%(!\|\*[*/]\@!\)\@!" end="\*/" contains=rustTodo,rustCommentBlockNest,@Spell
syn region rustCommentBlockDoc          matchgroup=rustCommentBlockDoc      start="/\*\%(!\|\*[*/]\@!\)"    end="\*/" contains=rustTodo,rustCommentBlockDocNest,@Spell
syn region rustCommentBlockDocError     matchgroup=rustCommentBlockDocError start="/\*\%(!\|\*[*/]\@!\)"    end="\*/" contains=rustTodo,rustCommentBlockDocNestError,@Spell contained
syn region rustCommentBlockNest         matchgroup=rustCommentBlock         start="/\*"                     end="\*/" contains=rustTodo,rustCommentBlockNest,@Spell contained transparent
syn region rustCommentBlockDocNest      matchgroup=rustCommentBlockDoc      start="/\*"                     end="\*/" contains=rustTodo,rustCommentBlockDocNest,@Spell contained transparent
syn region rustCommentBlockDocNestError matchgroup=rustCommentBlockDocError start="/\*"                     end="\*/" contains=rustTodo,rustCommentBlockDocNestError,@Spell contained transparent
" FIXME: this is a really ugly and not fully correct implementation. Most
" importantly, a case like ``/* */*`` should have the final ``*`` not being in
" a comment, but in practice at present it leaves comments open two levels
" deep. But as long as you stay away from that particular case, I *believe*
" the highlighting is correct. Due to the way Vim's syntax engine works
" (greedy for start matches, unlike Rust's tokeniser which is searching for
" the earliest-starting match, start or end), I believe this cannot be solved.
" Oh you who would fix it, don't bother with things like duplicating the Block
" rules and putting ``\*\@<!`` at the start of them; it makes it worse, as
" then you must deal with cases like ``/*/**/*/``. And don't try making it
" worse with ``\%(/\@<!\*\)\@<!``, either...

syn keyword rustTodo contained TODO FIXME XXX NB NOTE

" Folding rules {{{2
" Trivial folding rules to begin with.
" FIXME: use the AST to make really good folding
syn region rustFoldBraces start="{" end="}" transparent fold

" Default highlighting {{{1
hi def link rustDecNumber       rustNumber
hi def link rustHexNumber       rustNumber
hi def link rustOctNumber       rustNumber
hi def link rustBinNumber       rustNumber
hi def link rustIdentifierPrime rustIdentifier
hi def link rustTrait           rustType
hi def link rustDeriveTrait     rustTrait

hi def link rustMacroRepeatCount   rustMacroRepeatDelimiters
hi def link rustMacroRepeatDelimiters   Macro
hi def link rustMacroVariable Define
hi def link rustSigil         StorageClass
hi def link rustEscape        Special
hi def link rustEscapeUnicode rustEscape
hi def link rustEscapeError   Error
hi def link rustStringContinuation Special
hi def link rustString        String
hi def link rustCharacterInvalid Error
hi def link rustCharacterInvalidUnicode rustCharacterInvalid
hi def link rustCharacter     Character
hi def link rustNumber        Number
hi def link rustBoolean       Boolean
hi def link rustEnum          rustType
hi def link rustEnumVariant   rustConstant
hi def link rustConstant      Constant
hi def link rustSelf          Constant
hi def link rustFloat         Float
hi def link rustArrowCharacter rustOperator
hi def link rustOperator      Operator
hi def link rustKeyword       Keyword
hi def link rustTypedef       Keyword " More precise is Typedef, but it doesn't feel right for Rust
hi def link rustStructure     Keyword " More precise is Structure
hi def link rustUnion         rustStructure
hi def link rustPubScopeDelim Delimiter
hi def link rustPubScopeCrate rustKeyword
hi def link rustSuper         rustKeyword
hi def link rustReservedKeyword Error
hi def link rustRepeat        Conditional
hi def link rustConditional   Conditional
hi def link rustIdentifier    Identifier
hi def link rustCapsIdent     rustIdentifier
hi def link rustModPath       Include
hi def link rustModPathSep    Delimiter
hi def link rustFunction      Function
hi def link rustFuncName      Function
hi def link rustFuncCall      Function
hi def link rustShebang       Comment
hi def link rustCommentLine   Comment
hi def link rustCommentLineDoc SpecialComment
hi def link rustCommentLineDocError Error
hi def link rustCommentBlock  rustCommentLine
hi def link rustCommentBlockDoc rustCommentLineDoc
hi def link rustCommentBlockDocError Error
hi def link rustAssert        PreCondit
hi def link rustPanic         PreCondit
hi def link rustMacro         Macro
hi def link rustType          Type
hi def link rustTodo          Todo
hi def link rustAttribute     PreProc
hi def link rustDerive        PreProc
hi def link rustDefault       StorageClass
hi def link rustStorage       StorageClass
hi def link rustObsoleteStorage Error
hi def link rustLifetime      Special
hi def link rustLabel         Label
hi def link rustInvalidBareKeyword Error
hi def link rustExternCrate   rustKeyword
hi def link rustObsoleteExternMod Error
hi def link rustBoxPlacementParens Delimiter
hi def link rustQuestionMark  Special

" Other Suggestions:
" hi rustAttribute ctermfg=cyan
" hi rustDerive ctermfg=cyan
" hi rustAssert ctermfg=yellow
" hi rustPanic ctermfg=red
" hi rustMacro ctermfg=magenta

syn sync minlines=200
syn sync maxlines=500

let b:current_syntax = "rust"