Table of contents
This device is a basic CMYK 32-bit (8-bits per component) device that uses the
features to provide post-rendering operations on the raster data produced by Ghostscript.
It is designed to allow a developer to add code to handle the resulting raster data and perform any desired formatting and transmission to some destination, for example DMA to a printer or sending over a network link.
downscaler modules provide for the following optional post-rendering
-dDownScaleFactor=factor(small non-negative integer; default = 1)
- If this option set then the page is downscaled by the given factor on both axes. For example rendering with -r600 and then specifying -dDownScaleFactor=3 will produce a 200dpi image.
2 additional "special" ratios are available, 32 and 34. 32 provides a 3:2 downscale (so from 300 to 200 dpi, if the resolution is 300 dpi as with
-r300). 34 produces a 3:4 upscale (so from 300 to 400 dpi, similarly).
-sPostRenderProfile=path(path to an ICC profile)
- If this option set then the page will be color transformed using that profile after downscaling.
This is useful when the file uses overprint to separately paint to some subset of the C, M, Y, and K colorants, but the final CMYK is to be color corrected for printing or display.
ds32 device can perform rudimentary automatic bitmap
'trapping' on the final rendered bitmap. This code is disabled by default; see
the note below as to why.
Trapping is a process whereby the output is adjusted to minimise the visual impact of offsets between each printed plane. Typically this involves slightly extending abutting regions that are rendered in different inks. The intent of this is to avoid the unsightly gaps that might be otherwise be revealed in the final printout if the different color plates do not exactly line up.
This trapping is controlled by 3 device parameters. Firstly the maximum X and Y offsets are specified using:
Nis a figure in pixels, before the downscaler is applied).
The final control is to inform the trapping process in what order inks should be processed, from darkest to lightest. For a typical CMYK device this order would be [ 3 1 0 2 ] (K darker than M darker than C darker than Y). This is the default.
To override these defaults, the
TrapOrder parameter can be used. Since
this parameter requires an array, it must be specified using a different method. For
example, if Cyan is darker than Magenta:
gs -sDEVICE=ds32 -dTrapX=2 -dTrapY=2 -c "<< /TrapOrder [ 3 0 1 2 ] >> setpagedevice" -f examples\colorcir.ps
Trapping is an technology area encumbered by many patents. Until we can convince ourselves that our trapping code is not covered by any of these patents, the functionality is disabled by default.
It can be enabled by building with the ENABLE_TRAPPING define, but before you do so you should convince yourself that either:
- The trapping code is not covered by any existing patent.
- Any patents that do cover the code are invalid in your jurisdiction.
- That you have appropriate patent licenses for any patents that do apply.
You bear full responsibility for choosing to build with ENABLE_TRAPPING.
The make files used to build Ghostscript use the file devices/devs.mak to describe what is needed for devices that can be built into the executable, such as source code files, header files, libraries and dependencies on other parts of Ghostscript.
The section below can be added to the end of the devices/devs.mak file:
This snippet is also in a commented block at the top of the source code file.### -------- Example 32-bit CMYK downscaled device --------------------- ### # NB: downscale_ is standard in the lib (LIB1s) $(DD)ds32.dev : $(DEVOBJ)gdevds32.$(OBJ) $(GLD)page.dev \ $(GDEV) $(DEVS_MAK) $(MAKEDIRS) $(SETPDEV2) $(DD)ds32 $(DEVOBJ)gdevds32.$(OBJ) $(ADDMOD) $(DD)ds32 -include $(GLD)page $(DEVOBJ)gdevds32.$(OBJ) : $(DEVSRC)gdevds32.c $(gsicc_cache_h) $(gxdownscale_h) $(AK) \ $(arch_h) $(gdevprn_h) $(stdio__h) $(stdint__h) $(DEVS_MAK) $(MAKEDIRS) $(DEVCC) $(DEVO_)gdevds32.$(OBJ) $(C_) $(DEVSRC)gdevds32.c
The make system also needs to be told to include the
ds32 device. This can
either be added to the top level make file on one of the
for example, in
psi/msvc.mak for the Windows build:
Rather than editing a make file, there is a convenient macro that allows the extra device to be added to the build command line,DEVICE_DEVS21=$(DD)ds32.dev $(DD)spotcmyk.dev $(DD)devicen.dev $(DD)bmpsep1.dev $(DD)bmpsep8.dev $(DD)bmp16m.dev $(DD)bmp32b.dev $(DD)psdcmyk.dev $(DD)psdrgb.dev $(DD)cp50.dev $(DD)gprf.dev
DEVICE_DEVS_EXTRA. For example, on linux:
or, on Windows:make DEVICE_DEVS_EXTRA=obj/ds32.dev
nmake -f psi/msvc32.mak DEVICE_DEVS_EXTRA=obj\ds32.dev
The source for this device driver is in: doc/gdevds32.c
Copyright © 2016-2019 Artifex Software, Inc. All rights reserved.
This software is provided AS-IS with no warranty, either express or implied. This software is distributed under license and may not be copied, modified or distributed except as expressly authorized under the terms of that license. Refer to licensing information at http://www.artifex.com/ or contact Artifex Software, Inc., 1305 Grant Avenue - Suite 200, Novato, CA 94945, U.S.A., +1(415)492-9861, for further information.
Ghostscript version 9.28, 15 August 2019