Commit 53b27063 authored by Tails developers's avatar Tails developers

Removing SD card occurences

parent 7439fac4
......@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ Tails is a live system that aims to preserve your privacy and anonymity. It
helps you to use the Internet anonymously and circumvent censorship almost anywhere you go and on any
computer but leaving no trace unless you ask it to explicitly.
It is a complete operating system designed to be used from a DVD, USB stick, or SD card
It is a complete operating system designed to be used from a DVD or a USB stick
independently of the computer's original operating system. It is [[Free
Software|doc/about/license]] and based on [[Debian GNU/Linux|https://www.debian.org/]].
......
......@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ in Tails: all software packaged for Debian is installable in Tails.
Additional features
===================
* automatic mechanism to [[upgrade a USB stick or a SD card|doc/first_steps/upgrade]] to newer versions
* automatic mechanism to [[upgrade a USB stick|doc/first_steps/upgrade]] to newer versions
* can be run as a virtualized guest inside
[VirtualBox](http://www.virtualbox.org/) ([[More...|doc/advanced_topics/virtualization]])
* [[customization|contribute/customize]] (e.g. to add a given missing piece of
......
......@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
Tails should work on any reasonably recent computer, say manufactured after 2005.
Here is a detailed list of requirements:
- Either **an internal or external DVD reader** or the possibility to **boot from a USB stick or SD card**.
- Either **an internal or external DVD reader** or the possibility to **boot from a USB stick**.
- Tails requires an <span class="definition">[[!wikipedia x86]]</span>
compatible processor: **<span class="definition">[[!wikipedia
IBM_PC_compatible]]</span>** and others but not <span
......
......@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ purpose.</p>
complex user interface and allows to use a persistent volume, either
by:
- Starting Tails from a USB stick or SD card.
- Starting Tails from a USB stick.
- Creating a virtual USB storage volume saved as a single file on the host
operating system.
......
......@@ -105,10 +105,10 @@ active</span>", then try to start the default virtual network:
<a id="usb"></a>
Running Tails from a USB stick or SD card
=========================================
Running Tails from a USB stick
==============================
To run Tails from a USB stick or SD card using *virt-manager*, first
To run Tails from a USB stick using *virt-manager*, first
create a virtual machine running from an ISO image as described
[[above|virt-manager#iso]].
......@@ -120,8 +120,7 @@ Then do the following:
<span class="guisubmenuitem">Shut Down</span>&nbsp;▸
<span class="guimenuitem">Force Off</span></span> to shut down the
virtual machine.
1. Plug in the USB stick or insert the SD card from which you want to
run Tails.
1. Plug in the USB stick from which you want to run Tails.
1. Choose
<span class="menuchoice">
<span class="guimenu">View</span>&nbsp;▸
......@@ -134,7 +133,7 @@ Then do the following:
Tails, and click **Finish**.
You can keep the original ISO image connected as a virtual DVD to
install Tails onto the USB stick or SD card if needed.
install Tails onto the USB stick if needed.
<a id="disconnect"></a>
......@@ -145,7 +144,7 @@ USB stick once Tails is already installed on it. To do so:
1. In the configuration of the virtual machine, click on **IDE CDROM
1** in the left pane.
1. Click on the **Disconnect** button in the right pane.
1. To enable the USB stick or SD card as a boot option:
1. To enable the USB stick as a boot option:
1. Click on **Boot Options** in the left pane.
1. Select the **USB** boot option corresponding to your USB device.
1. Click **Apply**.
......
- [[!traillink Choosing_between_burning_a_DVD_and_installing_onto_a_USB_stick_or_SD_card|first_steps/media]]
- [[!traillink Choosing_between_burning_a_DVD_and_installing_onto_a_USB_stick|first_steps/media]]
- [[!traillink Burning_a_DVD|first_steps/dvd]]
- [[!traillink Installing_onto_a_USB_stick_or_SD_card|first_steps/installation]] (recommended)
- [[!traillink Manually_Installing_onto_a_USB_stick_or_SD_card|first_steps/installation/manual]]
- [[!traillink Installing_onto_a_USB_stick|first_steps/installation]] (recommended)
- [[!traillink Manually_Installing_onto_a_USB_stick|first_steps/installation/manual]]
using [[!traillink Linux|first_steps/installation/manual/linux]],
[[!traillink Windows|first_steps/installation/manual/windows]],
or [[!traillink Mac|first_steps/installation/manual/mac]]
- Uninstalling Tails or resetting a USB stick or SD card
- Uninstalling Tails or resetting a USB stick
using [[!traillink Linux|first_steps/reset/linux]]
[[!traillink Windows|first_steps/reset/windows]],
or [[!traillink Mac|first_steps/reset/mac]]
- [[!traillink Upgrading_a_Tails_USB_stick_or_SD_card|first_steps/upgrade]]
- [[!traillink Upgrading_a_Tails_USB_stick|first_steps/upgrade]]
- [[!traillink Start_Tails|first_steps/start_tails]]
- [[!traillink Startup_options|first_steps/startup_options]]
- [[!traillink Administration_password|first_steps/startup_options/administration_password]]
......
......@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@ If none of this works, [[send us an email|/support/talk]] including the followin
3. From which media are you trying to start Tails: DVD, USB stick
[[installed manually|doc/first_steps/installation/manual]], USB
stick [[installed with Tails
Installer|doc/first_steps/installation]], SD card? Keep in mind
Installer|doc/first_steps/installation]]? Keep in mind
that, we do not support any other installation method than the ones
listed above.
......
[[!meta title="Installing onto a USB stick or SD card"]]
[[!meta title="Installing onto a USB stick"]]
Tails includes <span class="application">Tails Installer</span>: a custom
installer for USB sticks and SD cards.
installer for USB sticks.
<div class="tip">
......@@ -14,13 +14,13 @@ left on the device.</p>
<div class="note">
<p><span class="application">Tails Installer</span> can only install Tails on a
USB stick or SD card of <strong>at least 4 GB</strong>.</p>
USB stick of <strong>at least 4 GB</strong>.</p>
</div>
<div class="note">
<p>Tails requires a dedicated USB stick or SD card. It is impossible to add
<p>Tails requires a dedicated USB stick. It is impossible to add
another operating system or partition on the same device if you want to benefit
from [[automatic upgrades|upgrade]] or create a [[persistent encrypted volume|persistence]].</p>
......@@ -28,14 +28,14 @@ from [[automatic upgrades|upgrade]] or create a [[persistent encrypted volume|pe
For the moment, <span class="application">Tails Installer</span> is only
available from inside Tails. So you need to start Tails from a first
media, and later clone it onto the device of your choice, USB stick or SD card.
media, and later clone it onto a USB stick.
1. Get a first Tails running. To do so you can either:
- Start Tails from a [[Tails DVD|dvd]] (recommended).
- Start Tails from another Tails USB stick or SD card, for example from a
- Start Tails from another Tails USB, for example from a
friend.
- [[Manually install Tails onto another USB or SD card|installation/manual]]
- [[Manually install Tails onto another USB|installation/manual]]
and start *Tails Installer* from it.
2. Choose
......@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ media, and later clone it onto the device of your choice, USB stick or SD card.
4. Plug the device onto which you want to install Tails.
A new device, which corresponds to the USB stick or SD card, appears in the
A new device, which corresponds to the USB, appears in the
<span class="guilabel">Target Device</span> drop-down list.
5. Choose this new device from the <span class="guilabel">Target Device</span>
......
It is recommended to use
<span class="application">[[Tails Installer|installation]]</span> to install
Tails onto a USB stick or SD card. But you might need to use this technique to get a first
Tails onto a USB stick. But you might need to use this technique to get a first
running Tails, and be able to use
<span class="application">Tails Installer</span> on a second device.
......
......@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@ The device name should be something like `/dev/sdb`, `/dev/sdc`, etc.
If you are not sure about the exact device name, with GNOME, do the
following:
1. Make sure that the USB stick or SD card onto which you want to
1. Make sure that the USB stick onto which you want to
install Tails is unplugged.
1. Open <span class="application">GNOME Disk Utility</span> from the menu
......@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ following:
1. <span class="application">Disk Utility</span> lists all the current storage devices in the
left pane of the window.
1. Plug the USB stick or SD card onto which you want to install Tails.
1. Plug the USB stick onto which you want to install Tails.
A new device appears in the list of storage devices. Click on it.
......
[[!meta title="Choosing between burning a DVD and installing onto a USB stick or SD card"]]
[[!meta title="Choosing between burning a DVD and installing onto a USB stick"]]
DVD
===
......@@ -7,18 +7,18 @@ DVD
- DVDs are cheap but you will need to burn a new DVD each time you update your version of Tails.
- You could also use a DVD-RW but those are not read-only.
USB stick or SD card
====================
USB stick
=========
- An attacker with physical access to your device or through a virus could
alter your Tails.
- USB sticks and SD cards can be upgraded to future versions of Tails.
- USB sticks can be upgraded to future versions of Tails.
- You can use [[persistence|doc/first_steps/persistence]] and store your
documents and configuration in an encrypted persistent volume on the same
device.
- USB sticks and SD cards are smaller to fit in your pocket.
- Some older computers might not be able to start from a USB stick or SD card.
- Some USB sticks, SD cards, or SD card adapters have a read-only switch that
can prevent your Tails from being altered, but be aware that this protection
is most probably not ensured by the device itself: do not rely on untrusted
computers to respect this feature.
- USB sticks are smaller to fit in your pocket.
- Some older computers might not be able to start from a USB stick.
- Some USB sticks have a read-only switch that can prevent your Tails from
being altered, but be aware that this protection is most probably not
ensured by the device itself: do not rely on untrusted computers to respect
this feature.
[[!meta title="Encrypted persistence"]]
If you start Tails from a USB stick or SD card, you can create a
If you start Tails from a USB stick, you can create a
persistent volume in the free space left on the device by <span
class="application">Tails Installer</span>. The files in the persistent
volume are saved encrypted and remain available across separate working sessions.
<div class="note">
<p>It is only possible to create a persistent volume if the device, USB stick or
SD card, was installed using <span class="application">[[Tails
<p>It is only possible to create a persistent volume if the USB stick
was installed using <span class="application">[[Tails
Installer|doc/first_steps/installation]]</span>.</p>
<p>This requires a USB stick or SD card of <strong>at least 4 GB</strong>.</p>
<p>This requires a USB stick of <strong>at least 4 GB</strong>.</p>
</div>
......
......@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ Passphrase</span> text boxes.
<strong>If the creation is interrupted before it finishes</strong>, you may not
be able to start Tails from this device any more. This can happen if you
close the window of the wizard or unplug the USB stick or SD card during the creation of
close the window of the wizard or unplug the USB stick during the creation of
the persistent volume. [[Delete|first_steps/reset]] and
[[reinstall|first_steps/installation]] Tails to fix this issue.
......
To uninstall Tails from a USB stick or SD card, and use it for something else, you have to
To uninstall Tails from a USB stick, and use it for something else, you have to
reset it.
**The content of the device will be lost in the operation,** but an attacker
......
[[!meta title="Uninstalling Tails or resetting a USB stick or SD card"]]
[[!meta title="Uninstalling Tails or resetting a USB stick"]]
[[!inline pages="doc/first_steps/usb_reset.intro" raw="yes"]]
......
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick or SD card using Linux"]]
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick using Linux"]]
[[!inline pages="doc/first_steps/usb_reset.intro" raw="yes"]]
......@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ point you are not sure about which device to choose, stop proceeding.
</div>
1. Make sure that the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset is unplugged.
1. Make sure that the USB stick that you want to reset is unplugged.
2. Choose
<span class="menuchoice">
......@@ -29,10 +29,10 @@ point you are not sure about which device to choose, stop proceeding.
A list of all the storage devices on the computer appears in the left pane
of the window.
3. Plug the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset.
3. Plug the USB stick that you want to reset.
A new device appears in the list of storage devices. This new device
corresponds to the USB stick or SD card that you plugged in. Click on it.
corresponds to the USB stick that you plugged in. Click on it.
4. In the right pane of the window, verify that the device corresponds
to the device that you want to reset, its brand, its size, etc.
......@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ point you are not sure about which device to choose, stop proceeding.
Resetting a Tails device from itself
====================================
If Tails is your only Linux system, you can generally reset a Tails USB stick or SD card
If Tails is your only Linux system, you can generally reset a Tails USB stick
directly from that device while running Tails.
1. When starting Tails, add the <span class="command">toram</span> boot
......@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ directly from that device while running Tails.
instructions, see the documentation on [[using the <span
class="application">boot menu</span>|startup_options#boot_menu]].
2. If Tails starts as usual, follow the instructions for [[resetting a USB stick or SD card
2. If Tails starts as usual, follow the instructions for [[resetting a USB stick
using <span class="application">Disk
Utility</span>|linux#disk_utility]].
......
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick or SD card using Mac OSX"]]
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick using Mac OSX"]]
[[!inline pages="doc/first_steps/usb_reset.intro" raw="yes"]]
......@@ -14,17 +14,17 @@ point you are not sure about which device to choose, stop proceeding.
</div>
1. Make sure that the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset is unplugged.
1. Make sure that the USB stick that you want to reset is unplugged.
2. Start <span class="application">Disk Utility</span>.
A list of all the storage devices on the computer appears in the left pane
of the window.
3. Plug the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset.
3. Plug the USB stick that you want to reset.
A new device appears in the list of storage devices. This new device
corresponds to the USB stick or SD card that you plugged in. Click on it.
corresponds to the USB stick that you plugged in. Click on it.
4. In the list of storage devices, verify that the device corresponds
to the device that you want to reset, its brand, its size, etc.
......
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick or SD card using Windows"]]
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick using Windows"]]
[[!inline pages="doc/first_steps/usb_reset.intro" raw="yes"]]
......@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ If at some point you are not sure about the disk number, stop proceeding.
</div>
1. Make sure that the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset is unplugged.
1. Make sure that the USB stick that you want to reset is unplugged.
1. Click on the <span class="button">Start</span> button, and choose <span
class="menuchoice">All Programs&nbsp;▸ Accessories&nbsp;▸ Command
......@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ If at some point you are not sure about the disk number, stop proceeding.
-------- ---------- ------- ------- --- ---
Disk 0 Online 80 GB 0 B
4. Plug the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset. Run the <span
4. Plug the USB stick that you want to reset. Run the <span
class="command">list disk</span> command again.
A new disk, which corresponds to that device, appears in the list.
......
......@@ -20,8 +20,8 @@ If you don't get this menu, you can consult the Ubuntu documentation about
information, especially the part on the [BIOS
settings](https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BootFromCD#BIOS%20is%20not%20set%20to%20boot%20from%20CD%20or%20DVD%20drive).
If you are using a USB stick or SD card
=======================================
If you are using a USB stick
============================
According to your type of computer, read the instructions for either
[[PC|start_tails#usb-pc]] or [[Mac|start_tails#usb-mac]].
......
[[!meta title="Upgrading a Tails USB stick or SD card"]]
[[!meta title="Upgrading a Tails USB stick"]]
Tails includes an automatic mechanism to upgrade a USB stick or a SD card to
Tails includes an automatic mechanism to upgrade a USB stick to
newer versions. When it is not possible to do this **automatic upgrade**, it is
possible to do a **manual upgrade**. This page describes both techniques.
......@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ as soon as possible.
</div>
Both techniques only work if the upgraded device, USB stick or SD card, was
Both techniques only work if the upgraded USB stick, was
installed using <span class="application">Tails Installer</span>. **The
persistent storage on the device will be preserved.**
......@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ The advantages of this technique are the following:
Requirements:
- A Tails device, USB stick or SD card, installed using
- A Tails USB stick, installed using
<span class="application">Tails Installer</span>.
- An Internet connection.
......@@ -140,7 +140,7 @@ For example, when:
- The automatic upgrade failed and you need to repair a Tails device.
In that case, <span class="application">Tails Installer</span> allows you to
manually upgrade a USB stick or SD card to a newer version of Tails. Using <span
manually upgrade a USB stick to a newer version of Tails. Using <span
class="application">Tails Installer</span> you can either:
- [[Upgrade by cloning from another device|upgrade#clone]] which already
......@@ -171,7 +171,7 @@ To know the version of a running Tails, choose
Clone & Upgrade
---------------
1. Start Tails from the DVD, USB stick, or SD card, that you want to clone from.
1. Start Tails from the DVD or the USB stick that you want to clone from.
2. Choose
<span class="menuchoice">
......@@ -185,7 +185,7 @@ Clone & Upgrade
4. Plug the device that you want to upgrade.
A new device, which corresponds to the USB stick or SD card, appears in the
A new device, which corresponds to the USB stick, appears in the
<span class="guilabel">Target Device</span> drop-down list.
5. Choose the device from the <span class="guilabel">Target Device</span>
......@@ -202,7 +202,7 @@ Clone & Upgrade
Upgrade from ISO
----------------
1. Start Tails from another DVD, USB stick, or SD card, than the device that you
1. Start Tails from another DVD or USB stick than the device that you
want to upgrade.
2. Choose
......@@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ Upgrade from ISO
4. Plug the device that you want to upgrade.
A new device, which corresponds to the USB stick or SD card, appears in the
A new device, which corresponds to the USB stick, appears in the
<span class="guilabel">Target Device</span> drop-down list.
5. Choose the device from the <span class="guilabel">Target Device</span>
......
......@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ share it without restriction.</strong>
<p>You will download Tails in the form of an <span
class="definition">[[!wikipedia ISO_image desc="ISO image"]]</span>: a
single file that you will later burn on a DVD or install onto a USB
stick or SD card.</p>
stick.</p>
</div>
......@@ -252,8 +252,8 @@ share it without restriction.</strong>
<div class="next">
<p>Read the [[First steps|doc/first_steps]] section of our documentation
to learn how to burn the ISO image on a DVD or install it onto a USB stick
or SD card.</p>
to learn how to burn the ISO image on a DVD or install it onto a USB stick.
</p>
</div>
......
......@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
<p>
Tails is a [[!wikipedia desc="live operating system" Live_USB]], that
you can start on almost any computer from a DVD, USB stick, or SD card.
you can start on almost any computer from a DVD or USB stick.
It aims at preserving your <strong>privacy</strong> and
<strong>anonymity</strong>, and helps you to:
</p>
......
......@@ -155,8 +155,7 @@ Can I install Tails permanently onto my hard disk?
--------------------------------------------------
This is not possible using the recommended installation methods. Tails is
designed to be a live system running from a removable media: DVD, USB stick or
SD card.
designed to be a live system running from a removable media: DVD or USB stick.
This is a conscious decision as this mode of operation is better for what we
want to provide to Tails users: amnesia, the fact that Tails leaves no traces on
......
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